Information submited: July 12, 2022 By: OperaDreamhouse
Botanical Name: Cymbopogon Nardus
Common Method of Extraction: Steam distillation
Part Typically Used: Cut Herb
Perfumery Note: Fresh, powerful lemony scent. Warm-woody, grassy.
Cymbopogon Nardus, common name Citronella Grass, is a species of perennial aromatic plant from the family Poaceae, originating in tropical Asia. It is the source of an essential oil known as Citronella oil, which is widely used for its natural insect-repelling properties.
A tall perennial grass native to Sri Lanka, growing to about 1 metre in height, and capable of living up to 15 years, due to an extensive root system. During regular cultivation, the plants normally replaced after 5 years. Harvesting will begin five to six months after the plants begin to grow, and every months after that. Normally in the early hours of the morning and finishing by noon. During the harvesting and cutting of the leaves, an approx. 15cm (from the ground) plant stock remains to regenerate for the months ahead. The leaves are then left to wither for 24hrs before the steam distillation takes place.
The leaves of Citronella are used for their aromatic and medicinal value in many cultures, for fever, intestinal parasites, digestive and menstrual problems.
It is necessary up to 100 kg of fresh Cymbopogon winterianus raw to obtain 1 kg of essential oil.