Information submited: May 26, 2022 By: OperaDreamhouse
The genus Ocimum, comprising of more than 150 species grows widely and is distributed throughout temperate regions of the world. Ocimum Americanum formerly known as Ocimum canum, includes wild species in India, but is cultivated in Indonesia for its Essential Oil for commercial purposes.
Ocimum Americanum, known as American basil, lime basil, or hoary basil, is a species of annual herb in the family Lamiaceae. Despite the misleading name, it is native to Africa, the Indian Subcontinent, China, and Southeast Asia. The species is naturalized in Queensland, Christmas Island, and parts of tropical America.
Traditionally, these Ocimum species have been extensively utilized in food and perfumery industries. The aerial parts of the plants are considered as antispasmodic, stomachic and carminative in native medicine.
These volatile oils have been applied in perfumery, to inhibit growth of microorganisms, in food preservation and in aromatherapy.